Page 13 - Keeping Hawaii Seafood Sustainable

Page 13 - Keeping Hawaii Seafood Sustainable

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11
1993
Federally-mandated observers
placed on Hawaii longline fishing trips
to document and assist in reducing
the impacts of protected species inter-
actions.
(Terms and conditions of NMFS
Biological Opinions)
1994
Vessels registered with Hawaii
longline limited access permits must
carry vessel monitoring system trans-
mitters (VMS) for real-time tracking.
Hawaii’s fishery was the first application
of this satellite technology in U.S.
fisheries regulation.
(NOAA rule 59
FR 58789)
1995
FAO adopts the Code of Conduct
for Responsible Fisheries
2000
Shark finning (retaining only
the fins) was prohibited
(US Public Law
106-557, Hawaii Law HRS 188-405)
2001
Federally-mandated observer
coverage increased to minimum of
20% of Hawaii longline tuna fishing trips
(NMFS Biological Opinion)
2002
Closure of the Hawaii swordfish
longline fishery because of sea turtle
interactions.
(Pelagics FMP Regulatory
Amendment 1 implementing NOAA
Biological Opinion)
2002
Seabird mitigation measures
required in Hawaii longline fisheries
(Pelagics FMP Regulatory Amendment 5,
Pelagics FMP Framework Measure 2)
2003
“Overfishing” is defined and a
control rule is established for stocks
managed under Pelagics FMP.
(Pelagics
FMP Amendment 8)
2004
Hawaii swordfish longline
fishery re-opened with 100% observer
coverage, restrictions on hook and
bait types and annual limits on fishing
effort and fishery interactions with
loggerhead and leatherback turtles.
Annual protected species training for
vessel operators is required.
(Pelagics
FMP Regulatory Amendment 3)
2009
Pacific bigeye tuna catch limits
established to eliminate overfishing
in the WCPFC and IATTC management
areas. To comply, Hawaii longline
fishery catch limits have been proposed
by NOAA and the final rule is pending
and implementation/enforcement
is expected in the 2009 season.
Hawaii longline fishing with NOAA observers aboard
Photos: NOAA Observer Program