Page 12 - Keeping Hawaii Seafood Sustainable

Page 12 - Keeping Hawaii Seafood Sustainable

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10
Is sustainability in fisheries
management something new
in Hawaii?
Key elements of Hawaii longline
fisheries management have been in
effect since the early 1990s. We have
a substantial performance record of
precautionary management measures
that pre-date the 1995 FAO Code of
Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and
today’s sustainable seafood movement.
1987
Drift net fishing for pelagic species
prohibited in U.S. exclusive economic
zone in western Pacific.
(Pelagic Fishery
Management Plan (FMP)
1991
Moratorium was followed by
the limited access permit system
restricting number and size of Hawaii
longline vessels. The Hawaii longline
fleet was the first pelagic fishery in the
U.S. to be managed under a limited
entry system, a precautionary action
well ahead of its time.
(Emergency rule
NOAA. Pelagics FMP Amendment 4,
Pelagics FMP Amendment 7)
1991
Mandatory logbook reporting
to NOAA Fisheries and permit require-
ment for Hawaii longline vessel
operators. Captains are required to
submit detailed records to determine
the location, catch, bycatch and other
aspects of management concern.
(Pelagics FMP Amendment 2)
1991
Longline gear must be
marked with vessel ID.
(Pelagics FMP
Amendment 2)
1991
Protected species (no fishing)
zone was established where longline
fishing is prohibited within 50 nautical
miles offshore of the Northwestern
Hawaiian Islands to prevent interactions
with protected species concentrated near
shore.
(Pelagics FMP Amendment 3)
1992
Longline exclusion (no fishing)
zones 50-75 nmi offshore of main
Hawaiian Islands established to prevent
longline fishing from impacting
protected species and small boat
fisheries that occur closer to shore.
(Pelagics FMP Amendment 5)
International Management of Pelagics in the Pacific Ocean
Fig. 6
55428-00 STATE (INR/GGI)